Matthias and Sam are modern-day farmers who like to experiment.
They’ve been working collectively on their agriculture undertaking SlowGrow, in Switzerland, since 2018. Their focus is to develop wholesome, tasty meals whereas growing future-oriented cultivation strategies.
They comply with the ideas of regenerative agriculture, which matches past natural farming.
The intention of regenerative agriculture is to rebuild the soil’s natural matter and restore degraded soil biodiversity – this additionally leads to carbon drawdown, decreasing the carbon footprint of agriculture, and bettering the pure water cycle.
It is an pressing challenge as a result of wholesome soil is significantly at risk.
A stunning 90 per cent of the Earth’s invaluable topsoil is more likely to be in danger by 2050, in keeping with the UN’s Meals and Agriculture Group (FAO).
Regenerative agriculture and the significance of soil
Wholesome soil and a various vary of species within the surroundings can provide crops optimum residing situations and assist produce nutrient-rich meals.
However wholesome soil requires topsoil, the higher layer of earth which accommodates ‘humus’.
Humus is the time period in soil science for the darkish natural materials which is made out of decomposing plant and animal matter. It’s the nutrient-rich matter that’s very important for profitable agriculture, and in keeping with the FAO round 95% of the world’s meals is grown in only a few centimetres of this soil.
But all over the world, wholesome topsoil is at the moment being destroyed by intensive farming practices, erosion and chemical air pollution.
Regenerative agriculture goals to not solely ‘not hurt’ the land however really to counterpoint and regenerate the soil.
Totally different strategies and applied sciences are used to realize this, together with elevated crop range, crop rotation, composting, pasture cropping, and minimised tillage.
“The deal with meals manufacturing is de facto within the surroundings or straight within the soil,” explains Sam. “So the soil continues being fertile and the hydrological steadiness of the soil isn’t altered, which has an impression on your entire hydrological steadiness of the planet.”
Placing it merely, “after harvesting our crops, the soil is best than earlier than sowing!”
“Our tackle regenerative agriculture is that it’s multifunctional,” explains Matthias. “Which signifies that the soil is bettering. Not solely the humus (natural matter) however the construction. The construction of the roots wants to enhance. On the similar time, fertilisers and irrigation shouldn’t be crucial, a minimum of not in Switzerland.”
Matthias and Sam consider, opposite to widespread opinion, that regenerative agriculture is doable on a giant scale. A part of their SlowGrow mission is to display this by sharing their findings, data and instruments between farms.
Innovation on the farm
As a educated aerospace engineer, Matthias likes to experiment. They use their land as a residing lab to check machines and strategies.
Matthias and Sam have realised that many present tools and applied sciences utilized in agriculture are simply not constructed to handle and protect the soil’s natural materials. The machines both don’t work or get clogged.
To beat this type of drawback, they dedicate part of their farm’s sources to innovation.
“We’re experimenting with machines. To do what we do by hand right here, with machines. In different phrases, to attempt to unfold the topsoil by utilizing a machine and to cowl the land organically. That is what our division of growth does. It researches learn how to handle massive portions of natural materials.”
The younger farmers say that their undertaking is just potential as a result of there are different folks, like them, who’re considering exploring alternate options in agriculture, and there are sufficient purchasers able to pay for high-quality, natural merchandise.
Discover out extra about Matthias and Sam’s undertaking by clicking on the video above.